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Caroline Narayan

Economic (or financial) instruments in a strict sense are positive (i.e. incentives, subsidies) or negative (i.e. disincentives, taxation) instruments linked to certain actions by individuals. In a wider sense, governmental investments in infrastructure or certain services can also be included in financial instruments, since they relieve private actors from related costs.

3 records found in EUROFOREST Portal

  1. COST Action E51. Integrating innovation and development policies for the forest sector
  2. OECD/EEA database on instruments used for environmental policy and natural resources management
  3. Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD)
    • Organisation de coopération et de développement économiques (OCDE)