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Biodiversity

Caroline Narayan

The term biodiversity is a shortening of the phrase biological diversity. The following definition was adopted by the Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD): Biological diversity means the variability among living organisms from all sources including, inter alia, terrestrial, marine and other aquatic ecosystems and the ecological complexes of which they are part; this includes diversity within species, between species and of ecosystems. [source: Convention on biological diversity (with annexes). Concluded at Rio de Janeiro on 5 June 1992].

There is a general consensus that as pressures on natural resources increase, that biodiversity is being lost, and that the rate of loss is not sustainable. Maintaining biodiversity is believed to promote stability, sustainability and resilience of ecosystems. In April 2002, the Parties to the CBD committed themselves to achieve by 2010 a significant reduction of the current rate of biodiversity loss at the global, regional and national level as a contribution to poverty alleviation and to the benefit of all life on Earth. This target was subsequently endorsed by the World Summit on Sustainable Development and the United Nations General Assembly and was incorporated as a new target under the Millennium Development Goals.


105 records found in EUROFOREST Portal

  1. Centre d'Echange français pour la Convention sur la diversité biologique
    • French Biodiversity Clearing House Mechanism
  2. Centre de Recerca Ecològica i Aplicacions Forestals (CREAF)
    • Centre for Ecological Research and Forestry Applications; Centro de Investigación Ecológica y Aplicaciones Forestales
  3. Centro de Ecologia Aplicada Prof. Baeta Neves (CEABN)
    • Centre for Applied Ecology Prof. Baeta Neves
  4. CHM portal Konvencije o biološkoj raznovrsnosti
    • Biodiversity Clearinghouse Mechanism (CHM) portal Serbia
  5. Circumboreal Vegetation Map (CBVM)
  6. Clearing House Mechanism on Biodiversity of the Czech Republic
  7. Conifers of the World
  8. Conserving Biodiversity [Northern Ireland]
  9. Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD)
  10. Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora (CITES)
    • Convention sur le commerce international des espèces de faune et de flore sauvages menacées d'extinction; Convención sobre el Comercio Internacional de Especies Amenazadas de Fauna y Flora Silvestr
  11. Convention on Migratory Species (CMS)
    • Convention sur la conservation des espèces migratrices; Convención sobre las Especies Migratorias
  12. Convention on the Conservation of European Wildlife and Natural Habitats (Bern Convention)
    • Convention relative à la conservation de la vie sauvage et du milieu naturel de l'Europe (Convention de Berne)
  13. Country Biodiversity Strategies [UK]
  14. Danske biodiversitets portal
    • Denmark Biodiversity Clearing House Mechanism
  15. DIVERSITAS - an international programme of biodiversity science
  16. Državni zavod za zaštitu prirode
    • State Institute for Nature Protection
  17. EELIS - Eesti Looduse Infosüsteem
    • EELIS - Estonian Nature Information System
  18. Eestimaa Looduse Fond (ELF)
    • Estonian Fund for Nature
  19. Environmental Change Network (ECN) [UK]
  20. EU Biodiversity Action Plan

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