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Forest ecosystems

Katja Lohmann

Forests can be defined briefly as ecosystems where trees are the most significant biotic components of the system. Although trees are the predominant woody vegetation in terms of biomass, they represent only a small proportion of the total number of species in the forest: there are shrubs, herbs, ferns, mosses, lichens and fungi beneath the forest canopy and in the gaps of forest cover. Moreover, larger animals, such as deer and bear coexist with smaller birds, insects and micro-organisms.

The non-living or abiotic components of forest ecosystem consists of solar or radiation energy, climate, water, nutrients, and other particles in the soil and soil parent material, bedrock.


15 records found in EUROFOREST Portal

  1. Acta Silvatica & Lignaria Hungarica
  2. Alien invasive species: impacts on forests and forestry
  3. Centre de Recerca Ecològica i Aplicacions Forestals (CREAF)
    • Centre for Ecological Research and Forestry Applications; Centro de Investigación Ecológica y Aplicaciones Forestales
  4. Centre for Ecology and Hydrology
  5. Centro de Ecologia Aplicada Prof. Baeta Neves (CEABN)
    • Centre for Applied Ecology Prof. Baeta Neves
  6. Centro de Investigación Forestal (CIFOR)
    • Forest Research Centre [Spain]
  7. Challenges for the boreal forest zone and IBFRA
  8. Département Ecologie des forêts, prairies et milieux aquatiques (EFPA), INRA
    • Forest, grassland and freshwater ecology department, INRA
  9. Flóru Íslands
    • Flora of Iceland
  10. Fundación Centro de Estudios Ambientales del Mediterráneo (CEAM)
    • Centre for the study of the Mediterranean Environment
  11. MycorWeb
  12. NINA - Norsk institutt for naturforskning
    • NINA - Norwegian Institute for Nature Research
  13. Red Temática GLOBIMED
    • GLOBIMED Thematic Network
  14. Rete Nazionale per il Controllo degli Ecosistemi Forestali (CONECOFOR)
    • National Network for Forest Ecosystem Control
  15. WWF - Ecoregions