Forest management, in its broadest sense, integrates all of the biological, social, economic, and other factors that affect management decision about the forest. Planning is the process of producing information for decision making.
The basic aim of forest management is to keep the productivity of land on a sustainable level. Naturally, the goals and purposes for forest management vary by land owners. Some areas are reserved for protection or recreation, others for effective timber production. On land in public ownership, most forest uses and benefits are involved; forest lands in private ownership basically can provide the same general goods and services as public forest lands, but the interests of private owners may vary.
Although the scope of forest management is often limited to timber, also wildlife, recreation and watershed management play important roles in desicion making and practices of forest management.
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