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Abiotic damage

Petr Kapitola

The term abiotic refers to the non-living components of the environment, such as air, rocks, soil, water, peat, and plant litter. Abiotic damage is caused by abiotic agents and this group includes for example fire, wind, snow, frost, sunscald and air pollutants.

Sunscald, freeze and fire heat injury cause rough, scaling bark and, sometimes, limited cambium death. Wind and snow may break tree stems. Famous storms are given names, such as storm Lothar of 1999 and Kyrill in 2007. Both of these storms caused serious damage in European forests.

Air pollutants include hydrocarbons, SO2, O3, acid precipitation and photochemical smog. Their effects include discoloration and necrosis of the foliage.


13 records found in EUROFOREST Portal

  1. Coillte - Forest health and vitality
  2. Database on Forest Disturbances in Europe (DFDE)
  3. Eidgenössische Forschungsanstalt für Wald, Schnee und Landschaft (WSL)
    • Swiss Federal Institute for Forest, Snow and Landscape Research;
  4. Forest and shade tree pathology
  5. Fundación Centro de Estudios Ambientales del Mediterráneo (CEAM)
    • Centre for the study of the Mediterranean Environment
  6. ICP Forests Executive Report
  7. ICP Forests: International Co-operative Programme on Assessment and Monitoring of Air Pollution Effects on Forests
  8. IVL: Svenska Miljöinstitutet
    • Swedish Environmental Research Institute
  9. Lapland forest damage project
  10. Ozone injury in European forest species
  11. Proceedings of the International Symposium on Air Pollution and Climate Change Effects on Forest Ecosystems
  12. Rete Nazionale per il Controllo degli Ecosistemi Forestali (CONECOFOR)
    • National Network for Forest Ecosystem Control
  13. Technical Guide on harvesting and conservation of storm damaged timber